Orange trees are the most cultivated fruit trees in the world. Oranges are a popular fruit because of their natural sweetness, wide variety of types and diversity of uses.
Oranges also contain thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B-6, folate, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, selenium and copper.
Orange juice is also packed with nutrients but does not contain the fiber of a whole orange.
Orange pith, the white substance between the peel and the flesh, is high in fiber.
Furthermore, it is easy to consume more calories when drinking orange juice than when eating an orange.
Oranges are high in fiber, which can help lower blood sugar levels in people with type 1 diabetes and improve blood sugar, lipids and insulin levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
Oranges are an excellent source of vitamin A. This nutrient contains carotenoid compounds like lutein, beta-carotene and zeaxanthin, which can help prevent age-related macular degeneration, an incurable condition that blurs central vision.
Vitamin A also helps your eyes absorb light, and it improves night vision.
The fruit is low in calories, contains no saturated fats or cholesterol, but is rich in pectin.
Pectin, by its virtue as a bulk laxative, helps to protect the mucous membrane of the colon by decreasing its exposure time to toxic substances as well as by binding to cancer-causing chemicals in the colon.
Folate and folic acid present in oranges promote brain development and keep the vital organ in mint condition.
In fact, these nutrients also make orange a healthy fruit for pregnant woman as it prevents the baby from having neurological disorders later.
The antioxidants and Vitamin C present in most fruits, including oranges improves the quality and motility of your sperm thus keeping you fertile.
A compound in oranges called liminoid, has been found to help fight cancers of the mouth, skin, lung, breast, stomach and colon.
The high vitamin C content also acts as a good anti-oxidant that protects cells from damages by free radicals.